MANDATORY SAFETY EQUIPMENT
FOR PLEASURE CRAFT IN CANADA

The mandatory safety equipment specified under the Small Vessel Regulations are minimum requirements only. To be well prepared for emergencies and breakdowns, we recommend that you carry more than the minimum safety equipment required by law.*

Type of vessel:

Kayak
Canoe

Sail

PWC

Unpowered and Powered Craft

Vessel length:

 

< 6 metres

 

< 6 metres

6 to 8 metres

8 to 12 metres

12 to 20 metres

> 20 metres

Required Safety Equipment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PFD or lifejacket for each occupant

Buoyant 15 m heaving line

on 30 m line

610 or 762 mm lifebuoy

 

 

 

 

on 15 m line

on 15 m line

on 15 m line

Re-boarding device

 

 

 

 

if free- board > 0.5 m

if free- board > 0.5 m

Lifting harness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manual propelling device or anchor(s)

30 m anchor line

50 m anchor line

50 m anchor line

Bailer or manual water pump

Bailer and pump

 

 

Fire extinguisher(s)

 

1
5BC

1
5BC

1 or 2
5BC

1 or 2
5BC

2
10BC

3
10BC

3+
10BC

Fire axe

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

10-L bucket(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

4

Powered fire pump

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Watertight flashlight or flares

Light or 3 flares A/B/C

Light or 3 flares A/B/C

Light or 3 flares A/B/C

Light or 3 flares A/B/C

Light & 6 flares A/B/C

Light & 12 flares A/B/C/D

Light & 12 flares A/B/C/D

Light & 12 flares A/B/C/D

Sound signalling device/appliance

any type

any type

any type

any type

any type

1

1+ bell

1+ bell

Navigation lights

or a flashlight

* The following items are not required under the Small Vessels Regulations but they are recommended by freecourse.ca as standard equipment on pleasure craft if you plan to be out for more than a few hours:

  • Spare clothing in a watertight bag;

  • Survival kit in a watertight bag (containing potable water, emergency rations, flashlight, whistle, and knife);

  • Tool kit (containing adjustable wrench, socket set, spark plug wrench, screwdriver set, hammer, vise-grips, slip-joint pliers, needle nose pliers, and a voltmeter);

  • Spare parts ( including fuses, bulbs, spare propeller, shear and cotter pins, nuts and bolts, penetrating oil, lubricating oil and grease, duct tape, electrical tape, filters, spark plugs, fan belt, spare fuel line, and hose clamps;

  • Tools and materials to temporarily stop a hull leak;

  • First aid kit stored in a dry place; and

  • VHF radio.


Transport Canada Accreditted

freecourse.ca is accredited by Transport Canada to deliver boating safety courses and administer tests for the issuance of Pleasure Craft Operator Cards (PCOCs), including replacement cards, under the Competency of Operators of Pleasure Craft Regulations.

freecourse.ca PCOC card

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